The People of Zimbabwe

The People of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean People

Population: 11,392,629 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 43.9% (male 2,523,119/female 2,473,928) 15-64 years: 52.2% (male 2,666,928/female 3,283,474) 65 years and over: 3.9% (male 194,360/female 250,820) (2009 est.)

Median age: total: 17.6 years male: 16.3 years female: 18.8 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.53% (2009 est.)

Death rate: 17.29 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate: NA note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2009 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.81 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 32.31 deaths/1,000 live births male: 34.9 deaths/1,000 live births female: 29.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 45.77 years male: 46.36 years female: 45.16 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.69 children born/woman (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 15.3% (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.3 million (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths: 140,000 (2007 est.)

Nationality: noun: Zimbabwean(s) adjective: Zimbabwean

Ethnic groups: African 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%

Religions: syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%

Languages: English (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write English total population: 90.7% male: 94.2% female: 87.2% (2003 est.)

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