The People of Somalia

The People of Somalia

Somali People

Population: 9,832,017 note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2009 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 45% (male 2,215,331/female 2,204,503) 15-64 years: 52.6% (male 2,588,356/female 2,579,737) 65 years and over: 2.5% (male 101,764/female 142,326) (2009 est.)

Median age: total: 17.5 years male: 17.4 years female: 17.6 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.815% (2009 est.)

Death rate: 15.89 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female total population: 1 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 109.19 deaths/1,000 live births male: 118.31 deaths/1,000 live births female: 99.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 49.63 years male: 47.78 years female: 51.53 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.52 children born/woman (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.5% (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 24,000 (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,600 (2007 est.)

Nationality: noun: Somali(s) adjective: Somali

Ethnic groups: Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)

Religions: Sunni Muslim

Languages: Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 37.8% male: 49.7% female: 25.8% (2001 est.)

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