The Geography of Montenegro

The Geography of Montenegro

Montenegrin Geography

Location: Southeastern Europe, between the Adriatic Sea and Serbia

Geographic coordinates: 42 30 N, 19 18 E

Map references: Europe

Area: total: 14,026 sq km land: 13,812 sq km water: 214 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

Land boundaries: total: 625 km border countries: Albania 172 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina 225 km, Croatia 25 km, Kosovo 79 km, Serbia 124 km

Coastline: 293.5 km

Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm continental shelf: defined by treaty

Climate: Mediterranean climate, hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfalls inland

Terrain: highly indented coastline with narrow coastal plain backed by rugged high limestone mountains and plateaus

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m highest point: Bobotov Kuk 2,522 m

Natural resources: bauxite, hydroelectricity

Land use: arable land: 13.7% permanent crops: 1% other: 85.3%

Irrigated land: NA

Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes

Environment - current issues: pollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor

Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note: strategic location along the Adriatic coast

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