The Economy of Kyrgyzstan

The Economy of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstani Economy

Economy - overview: Kyrgyzstan is a poor, mountainous country with a predominantly agricultural economy. Cotton, tobacco, wool, and meat are the main agricultural products, although only tobacco and cotton are exported in any quantity. Industrial exports include gold, mercury, uranium, natural gas, and electricity. Following independence, Kyrgyzstan was progressive in carrying out market reforms such as an improved regulatory system and land reform. Kyrgyzstan was the first Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) country to be accepted into the World Trade Organization. Much of the government's stock in enterprises has been sold. Drops in production had been severe after the breakup of the Soviet Union in December 1991, but by mid-1995, production began to recover and exports began to increase. The economy is heavily weighted toward gold export and a drop in output at the main Kumtor gold mine sparked a 0.5% decline in GDP in 2002 and a 0.6% decline in 2005. The government made steady strides in controlling its substantial fiscal deficit, nearly closing the gap between revenues and expenditures in 2006, before boosting expenditures more than 20% in 2007-08. The government and international financial institutions have been engaged in a comprehensive medium-term poverty reduction and economic growth strategy. In 2005, Bishkek agreed to pursue much-needed tax reform and, in 2006, became eligible for the heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) initiative. Progress fighting corruption, further restructuring of domestic industry, and success in attracting foreign investment are keys to future growth. GDP grew more than 6% annually in 2007-08, partly due to higher gold prices internationally, but growth is likely to decline from that level in 2009, due to declining demand and lower commodity prices in the wake of the international financial crisis.


GDP - real growth rate: 6% (2008 est.) 8.2% (2007 est.) 3.1% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita:

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 32.4% industry: 18.6% services: 49% (2008 est.)

Population below poverty line:

Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.8% highest 10%: 24.3% (2003)

Distribution of family income - Gini index: 30.3 (2003)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

Labor force: 2.7 million (2000)

Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 48% industry: 12.5% services: 39.5% (2005 est.)

Unemployment rate: 18% (2004 est.)

Budget: revenues: $1.17 billion expenditures: $1.192 billion (2008 est.)

Industries: small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals

Industrial production growth rate: 4.3% (2008 est.)

Electricity - production: 15.62 billion kWh (2006 est.)

Electricity - production by source:

Electricity - consumption: 8.997 billion kWh (2006 est.)

Electricity - exports: 2.387 billion kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)

Oil - production: 964.7 bbl/day (2007 est.)

Oil - consumption: 12,330 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil - exports: 2,534 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - imports: 14,240 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - proved reserves: 40 million bbl (1 January 2008 est.)

Natural gas - production: 18 million cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - consumption: 768 million cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - imports: 750 million cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves: 5.663 billion cu m (1 January 2008 est.)

Agriculture - products: tobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits and berries; sheep, goats, cattle, wool

Exports: $1.676 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Exports - commodities: cotton, wool, meat, tobacco; gold, mercury, uranium, natural gas, hydropower; machinery; shoes

Exports - partners: Russia 20.7%, Switzerland 19.9%, Kazakhstan 18%, Afghanistan 10.4%, Uzbekistan 7.6%, China 5.5% (2007)

Imports: $3.476 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Imports - commodities: oil and gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs

Imports - partners: Russia 40.5%, China 14.7%, Kazakhstan 12.9%, Uzbekistan 5% (2007)

Debt - external: $2.966 billion (30 June 2007)

Economic aid - recipient:


Currency code:

Exchange rates: soms (KGS) per US dollar - 36.108 (2008 est.), 37.746 (2007), 40.149 (2006), 41.012 (2005), 42.65 (2004)

Fiscal year:

Facts, Flags, Maps for all the world's countries
The information here has been derived from Public Domain Sources such as the CIA World Factbook. No liability can be taken for any inaccuracies. You can use the maps, flags and facts presented here however you choose.