The People of Central African Republic

The People of Central African Republic

Central African People

Population: 4,511,488 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 40.9% (male 928,277/female 917,739) 15-64 years: 55% (male 1,235,940/female 1,244,958) 65 years and over: 4.1% (male 71,439/female 113,135) (2009 est.)

Median age: total: 18.8 years male: 18.5 years female: 19.1 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.491% (2009 est.)

Death rate: 18.04 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate: NA (2009 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 80.62 deaths/1,000 live births male: 87.22 deaths/1,000 live births female: 73.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 44.47 years male: 44.4 years female: 44.54 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.14 children born/woman (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 6.3% (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 160,000 (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths: 11,000 (2007 est.)

Nationality: noun: Central African(s) adjective: Central African

Ethnic groups: Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%

Religions: indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15% note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority

Languages: French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 48.6% male: 64.8% female: 33.5% (2000 est.)

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