The People of Algeria

The People of Algeria

Algerian People

Population: 34,178,188 (July 2009 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 25.4% (male 4,436,591/female 4,259,729) 15-64 years: 69.5% (male 11,976,965/female 11,777,618) 65 years and over: 5.1% (male 798,576/female 928,709) (2009 est.)

Median age: total: 26.6 years male: 26.3 years female: 26.8 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.196% (2009 est.)

Death rate: 4.62 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 27.73 deaths/1,000 live births male: 30.86 deaths/1,000 live births female: 24.45 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.02 years male: 72.35 years female: 75.77 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.79 children born/woman (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.1%; note - no country specific models provided (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 21,000 (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 1,000 (2007 est.)

Nationality: noun: Algerian(s) adjective: Algerian

Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1% note: almost all Algerians are Berber in origin, not Arab; the minority who identify themselves as Berber live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are also Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant autonomy but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching Berber language in schools

Religions: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%

Languages: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 69.9% male: 79.6% female: 60.1% (2002 est.)

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